This condition is sometimes associated with wearing open backed shoes with the rim of the sole causing the irritation. These types of shoes should be avoided and daily use of a good foot cream with periodical gentle use of a foot dresser will help to keep the rough skin from forming. In severe cases a soft density gel heel protector pad will protect and help to reduce stress on the heels. A symptom is something the patient feels and reports, while a sign is something other people, such as the doctor detect. For example, pain may be a symptom while a rash may be a sign. It sounds like you have foot calluses or corns. Calluses are hardened skin that is created from pressure on the skin. As a defense mechanism your skin hardens to protect itself. If the pressure continues on the area the skin continues to harden, and layer. These calluses can be unsightly, irritating, and at times even painful. If not treated they can get quite a bit worse, even cause mobility problems in the future. Check the soles and heels of your shoes, they must be even as uneven soles and heels are an indication of ill-fitting and need replacement. Calluses are a thickening of the outer layer of the skin. They are a typical result of pressure. A common place for a callus is the ball of the foot , the heel, and the underside of the big toe. It's a condition that affects both genders but more the female. Configuration of calluses is caused by a build up of dead skin cells that harden and thicken. Just in time for all those holiday parties then, I’d like to share with you some tips on how to both prevent these painful foot ailments and how to minimize the discomfort from them. Dry skin can occur for a variety of reasons that cause your skin to lose its natural oils and moisture. This moisture loss most commonly occurs because of dry, cold winter weather, soapy water, exposure to harsh cleaning agents and walking barefoot for extended periods of time. The most common causes of calluses are incorrect padding in the shoes, flat feet, a bone spur and hammertoes, reports the Placentia-Linda Foot and Ankle Group. You Might Also Like Callus Cures Be sure to buy the right size shoe. There should be a thumb width of space between your toes and the end of the shoe. Our feet were not designed to be cooped up in shoes or to walk on mostly hard, flat surfaces. By imprisoning these ingenious tools, we have robbed them of their strength. No longer do the muscles of the legs and feet have to constantly adapt to changes in the surfaces on which they travel. Adaptation is what made them and our core strong. Corns — A corn is a protective thickening of the skin on a bony, knobby portion of a toe. At the center of a corn is often a very dense knot of skin called a core, which is located over the area of greatest friction or pressure.